How does a woman get trichomoniasis
Print Version pdf icon. The content here can be syndicated added to your web site. It is caused by infection with a protozoan parasite called Trichomonas vaginalis. Although symptoms of the disease vary, most people who have the parasite cannot tell they are infected. Trichomoniasis is the most common curable STD. In the United States, an estimated 3.SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Trichomoniasis
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Is Trichomoniasis Always Sexually Transmitted?
Print Version pdf icon. The content here can be syndicated added to your web site. It is caused by infection with a protozoan parasite called Trichomonas vaginalis. Although symptoms of the disease vary, most people who have the parasite cannot tell they are infected. Trichomoniasis is the most common curable STD. In the United States, an estimated 3. Infection is more common in women than in men. Older women are more likely than younger women to have been infected with trichomoniasis.
The parasite passes from an infected person to an uninfected person during sex. In women, the most commonly infected part of the body is the lower genital tract vulva, vagina, cervix, or urethra. In men, the most commonly infected body part is the inside of the penis urethra.
During sex, the parasite usually spreads from a penis to a vagina, or from a vagina to a penis. It can also spread from a vagina to another vagina. It is not common for the parasite to infect other body parts, like the hands, mouth, or anus. It is unclear why some people with the infection get symptoms while others do not. Infected people without symptoms can still pass the infection on to others.
When trichomoniasis does cause symptoms, they can range from mild irritation to severe inflammation. Some people with symptoms get them within 5 to 28 days after being infected. Others do not develop symptoms until much later. Symptoms can come and go. Having trichomoniasis can make it feel unpleasant to have sex. Without treatment, the infection can last for months or even years. Trichomoniasis can increase the risk of getting or spreading other sexually transmitted infections.
For example, trichomoniasis can cause genital inflammation that makes it easier to get infected with HIV , or to pass the HIV virus on to a sex partner. Pregnant women with trichomoniasis are more likely to have their babies too early preterm delivery. Also, babies born to infected mothers are more likely to have a low birth weight less than 5. It is not possible to diagnose trichomoniasis based on symptoms alone. For both men and women, your health care provider can examine you and get a laboratory test to diagnose trichomoniasis.
Trichomoniasis can be treated with medication either metronidazole or tinidazole. These pills are taken by mouth. It is safe for pregnant women to take this medication. It is not recommended to drink alcohol within 24 hours after taking this medication.
People who have been treated for trichomoniasis can get it again. About 1 in 5 people get infected again within 3 months after receiving treatment. To avoid getting reinfected, all sex partners should get treated with antibiotics at the same time.
Wait to have sex again until everyone has been treated and any symptoms go away usually about a week. Get checked at 3 months to make sure you have not been infected again, or sooner if your symptoms come back before then. If you are sexually active, you can do the following things to lower your chances of getting trichomoniasis:. Another approach is to talk about the potential risk of STDs before you have sex with a new partner.
That way you can make informed choices about the level of risk you are comfortable taking with your sex life. If you or someone you know has questions about trichomoniasis or any other STD, talk to a health care provider. Box Rockville, MD E-mail: npin-info cdc. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Sexually Transmitted Diseases Treatment Guidelines, Sexually Transmitted Disease Surveillance, High incidence of new sexually transmitted infections in the year following a sexually transmitted infection: a case for rescreening.
Ann Intern Med. Trichomonas vaginalis and Trichomoniasis. Sexually Transmitted Diseases, 4th edition. New York: McGraw-Hill, , Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options Skip directly to A-Z link.
Section Navigation. Minus Related Pages. Most people who have trichomoniasis do not have any symptoms. Print Version pdf icon The content here can be syndicated added to your web site. Two Trichomonas vaginalis parasites, magnified seen under a microscope.
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Trichomoniasis: Is it always sexually transmitted?
Vaginal discharge is a common complaint of women of childbearing age. Bacterial vaginosis, candidiasis and trichomoniasis are the three main causes of vaginitis. Sexual intercourse is believed to be the most common cause of transmission of trichomoniasis, but nonvenereal transmission of trichomonas can occur very rarely. A year-old female came to the hospital with complaints of vaginal discharge.
Trichomoniasis - CDC Fact Sheet
Trichomoniasis is caused by the single-celled protozoan parasite, Trichomonas vaginalis. The vagina is the most common site of infection in girls and women, and the urethra is the most common site of infection in boys and men. The parasite is transmitted through sex penis-to-vagina or vulva-to-vulva contact with an infected partner. Women can get the disease from infected men or women, but men usually contract it only from infected women. Trich is the most common, curable STI. Each year, there are about 1 million new cases of trichomoniasis in the United States. While trich affects both women and men, it is more common in women: the highest numbers of cases are in women between ages 16 and
Trichomoniasis is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the parasite Trichomonas vaginalis. Trichomoniasis "trich" is found worldwide. In the United States, most cases occur in women between ages 16 and The parasite cannot survive in the mouth or rectum.
Back to Health A to Z. But up to half of all people will not develop any symptoms though they can still pass the infection on to others. The symptoms of trichomoniasis are similar to those of many other sexually transmitted infections STIs , so it can sometimes be difficult to diagnose. See a GP or go to your local sexual health clinic sometimes called a GUM clinic if you develop any of the symptoms of trichomoniasis or you think you may be infected.
Trichomoniasis also called trich is a common, curable sexually transmitted infection STI caused by a parasitic protozoa called Trichomonas vaginalis. More than one million new cases occur each year in the U. Trichomoniasis may cause symptoms in women, but most men do not have symptoms.
All A-Z health topics. View all pages in this section. The parasite is spread most often through vaginal, oral, or anal sex. It is treated easily with antibiotics, but many women do not have symptoms. If left untreated, trichomoniasis can raise your risk of getting HIV.
Trichomoniasis is a common sexually transmitted infection caused by a parasite. In women, trichomoniasis can cause a foul-smelling vaginal discharge, genital itching and painful urination. Men who have trichomoniasis typically have no symptoms. Pregnant women who have trichomoniasis might be at higher risk of delivering their babies prematurely. To prevent reinfection with the organism that causes trichomoniasis, both partners should be treated. The most common treatment for trichomoniasis involves taking one megadose of metronidazole Flagyl or tinidazole Tindamax. You can reduce your risk of infection by using condoms correctly every time you have sex.
Trichomoniasis , sometimes called trich, is an infection caused by a parasite. About 3. Trichomoniasis is spread through sexual contact.
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