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Can a man get ms

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Every week in the U. According to the National Multiple Sclerosis Society, four times as many women have MS as men, and more and more women are developing it. Is it genetics? Is it hormones or some other aspect of being female? Peter Calabresi, M.


SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Jack Osbourne describes MS diagnosis as his "scariest moment"

MS and men

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Most people with MS experience their first symptoms and are diagnosed between the ages of 15 and 50, although individuals of any age may be diagnosed with MS. More women are diagnosed with MS than men, and the area where someone lives, as well as race and ethnic background, also helps to determine his or her risk of developing the disease.

Nearly one million individuals are living with MS in the United States. This new prevalence figure was published in and is more than double the previous estimate of , affected people in the United States. Researchers arrived at the higher figure by using a sophisticated algorithm a step-by-step problem-solving process to analyze the data found in claims from private, public, and military healthcare systems covering more than million people.

Correcting lower, inaccurate estimates of how many people are affected by MS is critical as the government, payers, and healthcare systems determine how to allocate resources — including research funds and patient-care staff — to address various conditions and diseases. MS organizations have been advocating for several years to create a national MS registry in the United States, but this has yet to become a reality.

The benefits of a national registry include the ability to learn about the rate of disease diagnosis, progression, and disability, as well as the success of treatments and the availability of services — to better meet the needs of the MS community. If you are interested in learning more or becoming a part of this registry, please visit narcoms. The distribution of this disease is not totally random.

On average, with relapsing forms of MS, women are three times more likely than men to develop this disorder. With the primary-progressive form, genders are more equally divided. Geographically, people who live farther from the equator in more temperate climates have a higher risk of developing MS than people living in hotter areas near the equator, or in very cold areas near the north or south poles. Individuals living beyond the degree mark north or south of the equator are far more likely to develop MS, and this is especially true for people in North America, Europe, and southern Australia.

MS is very rare in Inuit populations sometimes referred to as Eskimos living in the far north. Asia continues to have a lower incidence of MS. More prevalent among those of northern European or Scandinavian ancestry, Caucasians have a higher incidence than those of African heritage to develop MS. In addition to the fact that a lower percentage of African-Americans are diagnosed with MS than White-Americans, other differences have been observed. According to recent studies, on average, African-Americans are slightly older at diagnosis, although these statistics can sometimes conflict.

The disease course tends to be more progressive and responds less to disease-modifying therapies. One study, however, challenges the existing theories on the prevalence of MS according to race and ethnic background.

Appearing in the May 7, issue of Neurology, the results of this study contradict theories that African-Americans are less prone to MS as compared to Caucasians. The study looked at data from the Kaiser Permanente Southern California health plan with more than 3. During the timeframe mentioned, individuals were diagnosed with MS. According to the published results, compared to Caucasians, African-Americans had a percent increased risk of MS, while Hispanics had a percent reduced risk and Asians had an percent reduced risk.

The authors of this study suggest that limitations in earlier studies may have provided inaccurate figures as to the proportion of individuals diagnosed with MS within the different ethnic populations, along with other factors such as misdiagnosis and inadequate medical care. Additionally, research has indicated that fewer Latinos receive access to services to address mental health needs.

The same is true for much-needed rehabilitation from specialists in MS, where fewer Latinos are able to access adequate services. The average risk of developing MS in the United States is roughly 3. For first-degree relatives such as a child or sibling , the risk increases to three or four percent. This is not true for adopted children or half siblings who do not share the same parent who has MS , whose risk is the same as unrelated individuals.

In situations where one identical twin has been diagnosed with MS, the other twin has a percent risk of developing the disease. If MS was strictly hereditary, when one identical twin has MS, the other identical twin would have a percent risk of getting MS. The risk for twins who are not identical is five percent — similar to that of other siblings. Another factor linked to MS is cigarette smoking. Women who smoke are 1. Individuals with MS who smoke also appear to be at a much greater risk of experiencing a more rapid progression of their disease.

Also, populations exposed to greater amounts of sunshine or ultraviolet radiation had lower rates of MS. Parasites are another possible risk factor in the development of MS. Research has found that parasites can modulate the immune system and dampen its responses.

People who have parasites are less likely to be diagnosed with MS, and as conditions in different countries become cleaner — with fewer parasites — the number of individuals being diagnosed is increasing in these parts of the world. The different patterns of multiple sclerosis affect each person differently.

Perhaps you are wondering what MS is going to look like for you, or how the disease is going to progress. Progression is a term that means the accumulation of disability, even when relapses or flare-ups are not present or part of the disease course. Much evidence now suggests that for most patients, progression is slow, and most people with MS do not become severely disabled. Twenty years after diagnosis, about two-thirds of people with MS are likely to still be walking, although some individuals may need assistance with walking.

This includes assistive devices to help with mobility, as well as items such as scooters to help conserve energy. Predicting how fast MS will progress for individual people is difficult, but certain signs and symptoms can provide some clues a prognosis about the rate of disease progression.

To follow is the clinical and radiologic information that your doctor might consider to predict long-term outcomes, according to studies that have suggested a link between these factors and faster progression. MS Progression The different patterns of multiple sclerosis affect each person differently. Age: being older than 40 at the time of a first attack Male gender More than two attacks in the first two years after disease onset A score of more than 1.

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Multiple sclerosis is a chronic disease that affects the central nervous system, especially the brain, spinal cord, and optic nerves. This can lead to a wide range of symptoms throughout the body. Some people have mild symptoms, such as blurred vision and numbness and tingling in the limbs. In severe cases, a person may experience paralysis, vision loss, and mobility problems.

Studies indicate that MS in men is associated with a faster accrual of disability and worse relapse recovery. In addition, research suggests that male gender is a predictor for more severe forms of MS. Studies suggest that women are predisposed to higher rates of MS relapses than men.

At one time, it was thought that MS rarely developed in people over 50 but opinion is changing as more cases are now being identified. This study looked at the characteristics of MS when it begins over the age of People in south-east Wales whose MS began at age 50 or above were identified from a regional database of people with MS. Some distinct differences were found compared with those whose MS began at a younger age. The researchers found that sensory and motor symptoms were more frequently found, there were fewer relapses and faster progression of disability.

Can MS begin in the over fifties?

Your central nervous system contains nerve cells which process information and communicate messages to and from different areas of your body triggering a response, such as lifting your foot when walking or contracting the muscles in the bladder wall so you can empty your bladder. In MS your immune system mistakenly attacks your central nervous system. When the attack happens, the immune system targets the protective covering around your nerves called myelin. This covering is there to protect your nerves and help messages travel along them smoothly. These areas of damage are called lesions and they cause the symptoms you experience. After an attack your body is able to repair itself to some extent. In the earlier stages of MS, your body has the ability to replace the damaged myelin called remyelination , although it tends to be thinner than unaffected myelin so the messages may not travel as fast as they did before. Your brain also has the ability to reroute messages to avoid an area of damage so that messages can still get through — this is known as plasticity. MS is thought to be an autoimmune and neurodegenerative condition. Autoimmune because your body is attacking healthy cells and neurodegenerative because the loss of myelin can leave nerves exposed and more vulnerable to long-lasting damage.

Why is MS more common in women? Study explains why

Multiple sclerosis MS is a progressive, immune-mediated disorder. That means the system designed to keep your body healthy mistakenly attacks parts of your body that are vital to everyday function. The protective coverings of nerve cells are damaged, which leads to diminished function in the brain and spinal cord. MS is a disease with unpredictable symptoms that can vary in intensity.

Most people with MS experience their first symptoms and are diagnosed between the ages of 15 and 50, although individuals of any age may be diagnosed with MS.

You currently have JavaScript disabled in your web browser, please enable JavaScript to view our website as intended. There's no typical pattern that applies to everyone - people can have different symptoms at different times. A problem with vision, known as optic neuritis, is one of the more obvious early symptoms. This is often because it's a more 'concrete' symptom as opposed to 'vaguer' neurological symptoms like numbness or tingling.

Testosterone Affects Outcomes in Men With MS

A newly identified difference between the brains of women and men with multiple sclerosis MS may help explain why so many more women than men get the disease, researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis report. In recent years, the diagnosis of MS has increased more rapidly among women, who get the disorder nearly four times more than men.

Please refresh the page and retry. M S is not an equal-opportunity condition. Almost three times as many women as men have MS. The reason for this is not yet fully understood, but research into the particular patterns of MS in women may provide answers, help us gain a better understanding of the condition and eventually lead to treatments that benefit everyone. There are a number of factors that could contribute to the MS gender gap.

How MS affects women and men differently

Men experience MS differently to women. Here we take a look at those differences. Most of the information available about multiple sclerosis MS makes a point of telling us that more women than men are affected by the condition. Statistics claim that MS is at least two to three times more common in women than in men and more recent studies have suggested that the female to male ratio may be as high as , as the number of women diagnosed with MS increases. But how does the predominantly female related condition affect men?

May 8, - A newly identified difference between the brains of women and men with multiple sclerosis (MS) may help explain why so many more women than men get the "When we looked at its function in mice, we found that it can.

Men make up about one-third of the multiple sclerosis MS population. That means twice as many women as men have MS worldwide. The symptoms of MS can affect men differently.

Early signs of MS

In multiple sclerosis, the protective coating on nerve fibers myelin is damaged and may eventually be destroyed. Depending on where the nerve damage occurs, MS can affect vision, sensation, coordination, movement, and bladder and bowel control. Multiple sclerosis MS is a potentially disabling disease of the brain and spinal cord central nervous system. In MS , the immune system attacks the protective sheath myelin that covers nerve fibers and causes communication problems between your brain and the rest of your body.

Multiple sclerosis: What you need to know

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