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Does a woman need progesterone after menopause

Hormones are the messengers in the body that travel through the blood stream to start, stop, speed up or slow down your physical and chemical functions and processes across all body systems. Your ovaries are the source of estrogen and progesterone, the two key hormones that control the reproductive system, including the menstrual cycle and fertility in women. You are born with all the eggs you will ever have. The eggs are in the follicles, which are found in the ovaries.

SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Do I Need Progesterone After My Hysterectomy?

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SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Hormones and Menopause: Tips for Women .mov

When should a menopausal woman discontinue hormone therapy?

Member Log In. The purpose of this joint statement is to demonstrate the experts do agree on the key points. The North American Menopause Society, the American Society for Reproductive Medicine, and The Endocrine Society take the position that most healthy, recently menopausal women can use hormone therapy for relief of their symptoms of hot flashes and vaginal dryness if they so choose.

These medical organizations also agree that women should know the facts about hormone therapy. Below are the major points of agreement among these societies.

Hormone therapy reduces menopausal symptoms Hormone therapy is the most effective treatment for menopausal symptoms such as hot flashes and vaginal dryness. If women have only vaginal dryness or discomfort with intercourse, the preferred treatments are low doses of vaginal estrogen. Hot flashes generally require a higher dose of estrogen therapy that will have an effect on the entire body. Women who still have a uterus need to take a progestogen progesterone or a similar product along with the estrogen to prevent cancer of the uterus.

Five years or less is usually the recommended duration of use for this combined treatment, but the length of time can be individualized for each woman. Women who have had their uterus removed can take estrogen alone. Because of the apparent greater safety of estrogen alone, there may be more flexibility in how long women can safely use estrogen therapy.

Hormone therapy risks Both estrogen therapy and estrogen with progestogen therapy increase the risk of blood clots in the legs and lungs, similar to birth control pills, patches, and rings. Although the risks of blood clots and strokes increase with either type of hormone therapy, the risk is rare in the 50 to 59 age group.

The risk decreases after hormone therapy is stopped. Additional information: In large population studies, estrogen therapy applied to the skin patches, gels, and sprays and low-dose estrogen pills approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration FDA have been associated with lower risks of blood clots and strokes than standard doses of estrogen pills, but studies directly comparing oral and transdermal hormone therapy have not been done.

Many medical organizations and societies agree in recommending against the use of custom-compounded hormone therapy for menopause management, particularly given concerns regarding content, purity, and safety labeling of compounded hormone therapy formulations. There is a lack of safety data supporting the use of hormone therapy in women who have had breast cancer.

Non-hormonal therapies should be the first approach in managing menopausal symptoms in breast cancer survivors. The Bottom Line: Hormone therapy is an acceptable option for the relatively young up to age 59 or within 10 years of menopause and healthy women who are bothered by moderate to severe menopausal symptoms. Individualization is key in the decision to use hormone therapy. Consideration should be given to the woman's quality of life priorities as well as her personal risk factors such as age, time since menopause, and her risk of blood clots, heart disease, stroke, and breast cancer.

Medical organizations devoted to the care of menopausal women agree that there is no question that hormone therapy has an important role in managing symptoms for healthy women during the menopause transition and in early menopause. Ongoing research will continue to provide more information as we move forward.

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Progesterone might relieve menopause symptoms

However, between 7 and 9 percent of women have symptoms severe enough to interfere with their quality of life. In the past, the primary treatment for hot flashes and night sweats called vasomotor symptoms was estrogen-plus-progestin or estrogen-alone hormone therapy—both effective therapies. Because of these risks, new treatment options for vasomotor symptoms are needed.

Progesterone is a female sex hormone. Progesterone helps to regulate your cycle.

In this emerging area of progesterone research, several research studies attest to the neuroprotective effects of progesterone, an absence of neurological side effects, and a benefit for cognitive function. Many women are familiar with progesterone as a hormone that is essential for fertility and for sustaining a pregnancy. By the time she reaches menopause, circulating progesterone levels are so low, they are similar to those normally seen in men. However, progesterone is far more than a gestational agent. Research is now surfacing which shoes that the benefits of progesterone reach to breast health, cardiovascular health, and nervous system health, most importantly brain function.

How Hormone Depletion Affects You

With 10 locations throughout NWA, we're always in your neighborhood. Visit us, order online or call: 1. To help relieve the symptoms of menopause, women are typically supplemented with estrogen therapy. For a woman who still has her uterus, estrogen therapy alone may cause the lining of the uterus to overgrow called hyperplasia and this can even lead to uterine cancer[1]. To balance out this effect of estrogen, progesterone therapy is also given to these women. However, many experts claim that for a woman who has had a hysterectomy, she does not need progesterone therapy in her menopause treatment regimen because she no longer has a uterus and therefore cannot get uterine cancer. While it is true that a woman cannot experience the ill effects of unbalanced estrogen on a uterus that is no longer present, it does not mean that she is protected from experiencing the effects of unbalanced estrogen elsewhere in her body.

Do Women Need Progesterone after a Hysterectomy?

Member Log In. The purpose of this joint statement is to demonstrate the experts do agree on the key points. The North American Menopause Society, the American Society for Reproductive Medicine, and The Endocrine Society take the position that most healthy, recently menopausal women can use hormone therapy for relief of their symptoms of hot flashes and vaginal dryness if they so choose. These medical organizations also agree that women should know the facts about hormone therapy.

This week, we asked gynecologists, endocrinologists and oncologists: Is hormone replacement therapy safe? Here's what they said.

JoAnn V. Pinkerton and Dr. James A. Simon provided peer review and comments for Dr.

Hormone Therapy

Progesterone P4 helps balance estradiol E2 in the body, making its use in hormone replacement therapy HRT just as important as E2. Along with this idea, some believe that progesterone is unnecessary to supplement after women undergo a hysterectomy. While progesterone is known mostly for its effect on the uterus, P4 receptors are located in other parts of the body outside of the uterus as well, and have various effects on other tissues.

SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Your hormone level is not the problem! - Estrogen/progesterone too low/high?

Estrogen levels after menopause may have no impact on cognitive function, but progesterone levels might, researchers found. In an analysis of data from a prospective study, there were no significant associations between estrogen levels and cognition among postmenopausal women, Victor Henderson, MD , of Stanford University in Stanford, Calif. There was no relationship between the hormone and brain function whether women were newly postmenopausal, or if they'd been postmenopausal for at least 10 years. Progesterone, however, did appear to be related to verbal memory and global cognition among women who were newly postmenopausal, the researchers found. Henderson said in a statement that the findings don't "necessarily mean that estrogens are irrelevant to cognition, since we have no way of measuring estrogen directly at the brain level. But they imply that boosting blood levels of estradiol or estrone -- even in younger postmenopausal women -- may not have a substantial effect on cognitive skills one way or the other.

Low Progesterone: Complications, Causes, and More

Hormone therapy was once routinely used to treat menopausal symptoms and protect long-term health. Then large clinical trials showed health risks. What does this mean for you? Hormone replacement therapy — medications containing female hormones to replace the ones the body no longer makes after menopause — is sometimes used to treat common menopausal symptoms, including hot flashes and vaginal discomfort. Hormone therapy has also been proved to prevent bone loss and reduce fracture in postmenopausal women.

Apr 25, - (Reuters Health) - A hormone called progesterone helps reduce how frequently and how severely women experience hot flashes and night sweats after menopause somewhat, HOW DOES PROGESTERONE WORK?

Estrogen thickens the lining of the uterus, preparing it for the possible implantation of a fertilized egg. Estrogen also influences how the body uses calcium, an important mineral in the building of bones. In addition, estrogen helps maintain healthy levels of cholesterol in the blood. Estrogen is necessary in keeping the vagina healthy. As menopause nears, the ovaries reduce most of their production of these hormones.

Progesterone and the Nervous System/Brain

NEW YORK Reuters Health - A hormone called progesterone helps reduce how frequently and how severely women experience hot flashes and night sweats after menopause somewhat, according to a new study. Estrogen had been a popular hormone therapy to treat menopausal symptoms until some large studies raised concerns about a possible increased risk of stroke and cancer among women who were taking it see Reuters Health reports of October 19, and January 31, Progesterone has been used in hormone replacement therapy to treat menopausal symptoms, but it is typically thought of as an add-on to estrogen therapy to help protect the uterus from abnormal thickening. It is approved by the Food and Drug Administration to for that use, and for abnormal menstrual bleeding symptoms.

5 Experts Answer: Is Hormone Replacement Therapy Safe?

Menopause is defined as the absence of menses for 1 year. Women usually experience menopause between 40 and 55 years of age, with the median age being Smokers and women with chronic illnesses tend to experience menopause at an earlier age Box 1.

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